Poverty and Pollution

Poverty and Pollution
Poverty and Pollution
The current state of the world’s economic, social and political development is being at the highest level nowadays. It allows the growth of the population’s well-being and progress. Every remarkable innovation and advance in the quality of life has always been possible with a big burden on the environment and its main components. Therefore, there are some major implications from conducting and developing certain business adventures on the environment surrounding the humanity.
The regions that suffer from the majority of the impact from the business pollution are the third world countries. The main causes of the big polluting businesses to operate in the third world countries include, but are not limited to, the lack of strict environmental regulations, a low price of operation for high polluting industries, an advanced level of corruption in local governments and other local fallacies that help businesses to save huge amounts of money. Thus, businesses have no moral obligations and carry an immense contribution to the environmental abuse by damaging natural resources via the direct discharging of the toxic waste into fields and water systems. The business morals and ethics are definitely crossed in the case of producing things that people use on a daily basis. On the one hand, the companies that harm the environment to the extent that their products bear no positive contribution to the daily existence should be taken of the market or limit their ability to pollute to a low minimum. On the other hand, the companies that generate some products crucial to our existence and yet emit some pollution should be also placed under a rigid environmental control. These companies are to follow the regulatory pollution standards and pay fines if they go beyond the set limits. The older factories should meet the stricter polluting requirements. This, in turn, will lead to building new factories because it would be more cost-effective than remodeling the old ones.
The costs of managing the pollution control are vast and at times contribute to the population’s well-being negatively. The limitations placed on the certain industries influence on many economic activities intrusively, thereby decreasing the production and job opportunities. If the market provides fewer jobs, the population will suffer financially and morally. Particularly, one of the reasons that companies settle in the third world countries is because the wages paid to workers are relatively low; and, thus, a profit margin becomes very big. The constant fight for the survival of the poor ones, the lack of education, unsafe and unsanitary living conditions contribute directly to the poverty level of these populations. An example of how the third world countries also suffer from the intrusion business pollution and also further the poverty level of the indigenous population is catching the tropical fish. The locals in the regions where the tropical fish exist are usually poor and mostly uneducated; therefore, when people with the dynamite arrive to catch the fish, the locals suffer more than in one way. Firstly, they use the fish to provide some meals for their families. Secondly, the use of the dynamite contributes to the destruction of the reefs and eventually to the disappearance of the fish, in general. Therefore, this kind of a ruthless operation makes a poverty cycle continuous and further damaging the nature.
It is believed that the adverse environmental influences are the cost of the economic progress. Nothing that has been acquired so far appeared out of the blue, one way or another the price of some economic advances has been paid with sacrifice from some less-developed countries. This is because in the business world the places with the lowest cost of production are the prime locations for many factories. Usually, businesses are supposed to help the preservation of nature from the pollution emitted from factories. It comes in the ethic and moral responsibilities of businesses operating in the third world countries to harbor nature from dangerous gases and spillage of chemicals into water systems. The businesses should be in charge of regulating the pollution in the less developed nations because the governments have no set of regulations and control over a pollution problem. Also, even if there are some regulations towards the issue of the environmental pollution, the government apparatus does not have enough power to enforce it because of the corruption and other bureaucratic disturbances. This is a main reason that companies run to operate their businesses in the less developed nations. They are able to pollute the nature freely and at the lowest costs. Among some ethical business issues of this type, the health risks to the indigenous population are considered to be of the great importance. Numerous health problems have been observed from the pollution of air and water in the areas where these businesses operate. Thus, the companies help people with jobs. At the same time, it contributes greatly to the sickening of the population by contaminating the environment with harmful substances. Therefore, anything that is considered good for the economy, progress and financial wealth through industrial methods proves to be very dangerous for humans and their surroundings.
Undoubtedly, in the framework of studying the global pollution, it is necessary to mention the main causes of this disaster to check some human imprudent activities and assume the appropriate measures with the aim of solving this issue. The main cause of global pollution is carbon dioxide emissions triggered as a result of fossil fuel burning plants. This can be explained by the fact that the society is addicted to electricity from coal burning power plants. Thus, 94% of atmospheric emissions are caused by the electric utility industry. The second cause is Methane emissions from animals and agriculture manufactures. For instance, the excessive usage of chemical fertilizers or croplands leads to the formation of the “dead zones” in the oceans. It dramatically influences on the food that people consume. In addition, deforestation is one of the global warming reasons, since it has an impact on the reduction of carbon capture on the Earth.
However, humans can help to improve the situation by the application of some renewable sources of energy, such as wind, solar, water and geothermal powers. In 1993, the Department of Energy has published the data that indicated the efficiency of wind power and its competitiveness, comparing to the entire nation’s electricity needs. Moreover, wind power is a cost competitive source of energy that does not pollute air. The wind energy supplies are commonly used in Germany, Austria, the USA, Holland, India, Denmark and Spain. Furthermore, solar power is an effective source of energy that gives a profound opportunity to take electricity from the natural sunlight. According to the National Atlas of the United States, solar power is economically competitive, since it promotes more than 10 megawatts that are coming in at 11 cents/ kwh. The expanses are planned to be cut to less than 6 cents. Using only five million acres, the vacant industrial places in our nation's cities could meet 90% of America’s current electric needs. Besides, hydropower is the cheapest source of electricity, since the technology for the water power stations is not complicated. The simplicity of the hydroelectric power is that there is no need in a large dam. Even a small hydroelectric power system can provide farms, houses or ranches with enough electricity. On the other hand, geothermal power can use the natural sources of heat within the Earth to provide electricity. Nowadays, the majority of geothermal power is applying steam or hot water from subsoil.
Moreover, scientists have developed some efficient new projects, such as the Masdar Project, the Science behind Masdar's Spanish Solar Solution, and the solar plant Shams 1 that will be helpful in solving some problems associated with fossil fuels. The pointed project should have come from the renewable energy by 2020. The Masdar is considering building a wind farm worth US$200 million, producing energy from light breezes by using specialized blades. The Masdar signed up a new contract in January 2012; and the wind farm would begin sending power to the grid in 2014. The cost of installing one megawatt of wind power is $2million; and the $200 million is, in total. Undoubtedly, wind plants should be supported by the government, while they significantly improve the environmental situation. Moreover, the Science behind Masdar's Spanish Solar Solution Gamasolar is a new Spanish solar-power plant. It is constructed in such a way that the molten salt is pumped instead of oil to the top of a 140 meters tower and heated by sun energy. The Gamasolar has succeeded to become the first solar power plant that produces electricity 24 hours for 30 times and covers the energy need for 25, 000 homes. Therefore, the solar plant Shams 1 is an efficient concentrating solar power station developed by the Shams Power Company. After the full implementation of this project, more than 200, 000 homes will be provided with the power. According to this plan, Egypt and Qatar will produce 20% of their energy from solar plants. It is predicted to have built 41, 000 megawatts by 2032.
All in all, the wealthy nations should have the obligation to help creating greener sources of energy. Firstly, these are the companies from the wealthy nations that usually set a camp in the less developed countries to produce their products and contribute to the pollution. Therefore, instead of insisting on the drop of pollution emission the developed nations should invest in the new low-carbon factories, aiming to develop greener sources of energy and better medical care for the population exposed to the highly polluted areas

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